# Fractions (Pecahan)

*A fraction is a part of a whole (Pecahan ialah sebahagian dari keseluruhan)*

### Slice a pizza, and you will have fractions:

^{1}/_{2} | ^{1}/_{4} | ^{3}/_{8} |

(One-Half) | (One-Quarter) | (Three-Eighths) |

The top number tells how many slices you have The bottom number tells how many slices the pizza was cut into. |

## Numerator / Denominator (Pengangka / Penyebut)

We call the top number the**Numerator**, it is the number of parts you have.

We call the bottom number the

**Denominator**, it is the number of parts the whole is divided into.

Numerator |

Denominator |

## Equivalent Fractions (Pecahan Sama Nilai)

Some fractions may look different, but are really the same, for example:^{4}/_{8} | = | ^{2}/_{4} | = | ^{1}/_{2} |

(Four-Eighths) | Two-Quarters) | (One-Half) | ||

= | = |

^{1}/

_{2}in this case ). That is called

*, or*

**Simplifying***the Fraction*

**Reducing**## Adding Fractions (Menambah Pecahan Mudah)

You can add fractions easily if the bottom number (the*denominator*) is the same:

^{1}/_{4} | + | ^{1}/_{4} | = | ^{2}/_{4} | = | ^{1}/_{2} |

(One-Quarter) | (One-Quarter) | (Two-Quarters) | (One-Half) | |||

+ | = | = |

^{5}/_{8} | + | ^{1}/_{8} | = | ^{6}/_{8} | = | ^{3}/_{4} |

+ | = | = |

## Adding Fractions with Different Denominators

## (Menambah Pecahan Dengan Penyebut Berbeza)

But what if the**denominators**(the bottom numbers) are not the same? As in this example:

^{3}/_{8} | + | ^{1}/_{4} | = | ? | ||

+ | = |

*somehow*make the denominators the same.

In this case it is easy, because we know that

^{1}/

_{4}is the same as

^{2}/

_{8}:

^{3}/_{8} | + | ^{2}/_{8} | = | ^{5}/_{8} | ||

+ | = |

courtesy of http://www.mathsisfun.com/

Menarik kan :-D (dan melaparkan hehehe...)

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